Q&A: 10 Questions with Design Evangelism – Uncover

For the inaugural version of Ask Apple, members of our Design Evangelism group acquired collectively to reply your Slack questions on design philosophy, shade pointers, keyboard shortcuts, and rather more. Listed here are a number of highlights from that dialog, together with steerage concerning the HIG, recommendations on decreasing muddle, and an important message concerning the tab bar.

Do you ever really feel like your design isn’t fairly proper, however you’re undecided why?

On a regular basis! Actually, “Feeling just like the design isn’t fairly proper” can generally look like an on a regular basis temper. When this occurs, there are a number of methods we discover useful, and the primary is: Telephone a good friend! Generally it takes one other particular person to gut-check why we’re feeling unsure a couple of design, and it’s at all times nice to interact in a dialog and critique. Plus, this not solely requires you to clarify the issue (which alone may also help you establish what’s not working), it additionally permits you to personally step away from it — a minimum of for a second.

How have you learnt when to start out chopping options to make your app much less cluttered and extra user-friendly?

This can be a nice train for a whiteboard or sticky notes. First, write down all of the options/areas of your app. Then, bucket them into what fulfills the objectives your customers may have. If one thing feels superfluous, take into account whether or not you want that characteristic. There is a stability between what you want seen on a regular basis, what is usually a few faucets away, and what does not must be there in any respect. (It is also a useful strategy to prioritize an important performance of your app — which may also help you higher set up your app’s hierarchy!)

Is is taken into account finest apply to restrict machine orientation on iPhone?

It is best to actually depart machine orientation as much as customers. We love when apps assist each portrait and panorama and would solely advocate limiting orientation in sure app eventualities, corresponding to when motion or machine mounting would make orientation-switching really feel distracting.

What are some pointers for colours and shades?

Utilizing shade for actions is a delicate strategy to model the interface with out being distracting or intrusive. Begin by choosing a predominant tint shade, establishing your workflows and actions, then sketching these out with the tint shade representing actions. (You’ll discover our first-party apps all have one key tint shade; for example, Mail is blue and Podcasts is purple.) Once you’re engaged on high-fidelity visible designs, use a palette that enhances that shade.

Is it needed to incorporate tab bar labels for widespread tabs like Residence, Search, or Profile?

In lots of instances, labels are really useful for readability and accessibility. Residence, Search, and Profile are usually enough for speaking that means on their very own, however they’re exceptions to the rule. Many icons are usually not as extensively understood. Tab bar labels create a stronger distinction from toolbars, which don’t have labels. Plus, eradicating the labels doesn’t present a lot profit to customers. It doesn’t save any house, nor does it considerably scale back visible data from the interface.

How ought to I take into consideration keyboard shortcuts that really feel intuitive and don’t intervene with system shortcuts? When ought to I take advantage of one modifier over one other (for example, Choice vs. Shift vs. Command)?

Normally, the go-to modifier secret’s Command as a result of it’s best to achieve together with your left thumb. And talking of, listed below are a number of extra guidelines of thumb:

  • The less modifier keys, the higher.
  • Utilizing the primary letter of the motion identify helps individuals bear in mind the shortcut.
  • From an ergonomic standpoint, keys nearest modifiers and simply reachable utilizing one’s index and center fingers — Q, W, E, A, S, D, O, and P — are usually extra profitable as shortcuts.

Wish to dive in a little bit deeper? You’ll discover a number of good data within the HIG.

Human Interface Tips – Keyboards

How giant are the desired margins for the iOS and iPadOS secure areas?

On iOS and iPadOS, the format margins are 16pt within the compact width dimension class and 20pt within the common width dimension class. However we sometimes consider secure areas as distinct issues that work in tandem with margins. Secure areas are extremely dynamic and alter with machine orientation, display dimension, and a wide range of different components (like whether or not navigation bars, toolbars, or tab bars are displayed). You’ll discover a number of data within the HIG.

Human Interface Tips – Format

When designing for lists, how can I cease rows and cells from feeling overcrowded?

Take into consideration progressive disclosure and hierarchy. What data do individuals want at every degree of your app? When cells really feel overcrowded, query the aim of every factor. Perhaps a photograph or icon isn’t useful, or possibly the secondary textual content is usually a description on the element view.

Do you at all times attempt to adhere as a lot as potential to the HIG, or do you attempt to do one thing completely different with each design?

Nice query! We do attempt to adhere to our foundations and observe our personal design patterns for the advantage of consistency and understanding. (We additionally attempt to use system elements as a result of they’re so environment friendly to construct with.) However that being stated, we’re additionally keen to push on the HIG the place it is smart — if it means an total profit for customers. We’re fairly adamant that the HIG should not be a algorithm, however superb recommendations. And we evolve it consistently based mostly on what we’re seeing locally and the way we need to push our personal aesthetics and interactions for the long run.

Is it good apply to cover the tab bar when navigating to sub-pages?

Nope. 🙂

(It’s OK to cowl it for transient intervals when a modal sheet is displayed. In any other case, hiding a tab bar could make individuals really feel misplaced.)


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